Pakistan's Position towards UN Reform

Security Council Reform

Security Council reform is of fundamental interest for all member states. It is in the interest of everyone to seek a more democratic, effective and credible mechanism for the maintenance of international peace and security through a comprehensive reform of the Security Council. We believe that Security Council should reflect interest of the wider UN membership. It cannot be based on the objectives of power politics. Pakistan has a longstanding principled position against increase of permanent members. Pakistan as part of the Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group has always advocated an effective and feasible reform of the Security Council reform based on consensus among the UN Membership. We support the General Assembly's decision 62/557 to hold inter-governmental negotiations (IGN) on Security Council reform in a comprehensive and membership-driven nature. After four years of negotiations, we note that deep differences persist especially regarding the expansion of the Council and the divisive ambition of some states to become permanent members. The Uniting for Consensus (UfC) proposal offers the best basis for a solution that can accommodate the interests of all states. This can be achieved through compromise and flexibility designed to achieve consensus on the broadest possible agreement, which could offer a win-win outcome. The UfC proposal is equitable, fair and democratic. It provides for a greater role of the regions in determining their representation on the Council. It has the necessary flexibility to accommodate the interests of all states and groupings in terms of their representation on the Council through rotation and re-election. Pakistan, as a member of the UfC, remains ready for constructive dialogue with all sides to reach broadest possible agreement on Security Council reform.

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UfC proposal and the African position

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Peace-building Commission

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Pacific Settlement Of Dsiputes

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Disarmament and Non-proliferation

Pakistan considers arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as vital tools to promote the goals of peace and security at the global and regional levels. Accordingly, Pakistan has always advocated the need for inclusive forums for deliberations and negotiations, taking into account the security interests of all States.

Even as existing challenges to the disarmament and non-proliferation regime remain unaddressed, some new challenges have emerged. Pakistan believes that cooperative multilateralism, underwritten by the time-tested instruments of diplomacy and dialogue, represents the best way forward in addressing old and new challenges.

Pakistan shares the concerns arising from the potential misuse of WMD materials and technologies by non-state actors. Pakistan is therefore part of global efforts and processes to establish effective barriers against this common threat.

The on-going growth and sophistication in several types of technologies has added further complexity to the disarmament and non-proliferation discourse and institutions. The increasing reliance on unmanned aerial vehicles, the deployment of missile defence systems and the hostile use of ICT require responses in view of their potentially negative impact on global peace and security.

Excessive production and proliferation of some conventional weapons has understandably caused a great degree of unease in the international community. Pakistan supports efforts that seek to promote a comprehensive reform and regulation of the entire cycle of global trade in conventional arms. In doing so, a balanced approach is needed that addresses humanitarian concerns and protects legitimate defence needs of all States.

As part of its efforts to contribute to the global discourse on disarmament and non-proliferation, Pakistan presents four resolutions annually in the United Nations General Assembly. These resolutions are aimed at reinforcing the global norms on conventional arms control, regional disarmament, confidence building measures in the regional context and the continuing importance of providing Negative Security Assurances to non-nuclear weapon States.

As a member of the UN Security Council, Pakistan has underlined the need for dialogue, diplomacy and international cooperation to address non-proliferation issues as well as the sanctions regime. A Pakistani expert is member of the Group of Experts assisting the 1540 Committee.

Over the years, the global consensus underpinning disarmament and non-proliferation has eroded. The multilateral disarmament machinery is in a state of limbo. The reasons for differences in perspectives and modalities are primarily political. Pakistan has therefore consistently called for renewing the international consensus on these important subjects.

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