Statement by H. E. Mr. Sartaj Aziz, Adviser to the Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs, at the Interactive Dialogue 1, Ending Poverty and Hunger, during the UN summit for the adoption of Post 2015 Development Agenda (25 September 2015)

Prime Minister Dr. Miro Cerar, (Slovenia)

Prime Minister Mr. Ralph Gonzalves, (Saint Vincent & Grenadines)

It is a great privilege to join this highly significant Summit of our times.

The ambitious 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda that was adopted this morning can open a new era of prosperity and well being for all. ??

Poverty eradication remains the most important unfinished agenda for humanity.

It is recognized, in the Post 2015 Agenda, as the paramount global challenge and an indispensable pre-requisite for sustainable development. ??

Hunger is an important manifestation and consequence of poverty.

Our dialogue today is therefore extremely important.


MDGs inspired global efforts towards human development and poverty eradication. We have witnessed significant progress during the last 15 years in achieving the MDG target of halving the number of people living below the poverty line. ??

But when we dissect the underlying data, we find that a major portion of this reduction is attributable to China. If the China's outstanding performance in reducing poverty is put aside, the MDG target for vast majority of developing countries has not been achieved. This challenge becomes even more serious when the World Food Summit target of halving the percentage of people below the poverty line is taken into account. These will require special attention. ??

Around a billion people or one sixth of the mankind continue to be extremely poor and over two billion are still poor on the definition of $2 a day. ??

The number of chronically under nourished people is also correspondingly large and fluctuates from one year to the next. ?

The chronic causes of poverty - lack of access to assets or income earning opportunities and inability to participate effectively in the product or labour market are now aggravated by several new challenges. ?

These include climate change and the resultant natural disasters plus global, regional and local wars that are swelling the flood of refugees and pushing millions more into deep and de-humanizing poverty. ??

I hope the International Community as a whole will now recognize that the proposed SDG target for eliminating poverty by 2030, will be difficult to achieve through a continuation of existing policies or "business as usual" approach. It will require: ?


Revitalized global partnership and enabling international environment is critical for eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2030 and halving poverty in all its other dimensions. ?