Statement by Ambassador Masood Khan, Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations in the General Assembly on Report of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) & Report of the Secretary-General on The Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) (26 March 2013)

Mr. President,

Thank you for convening today’s debate.

We thank the Permanent Representative of Bangladesh for guiding the work of the Organizational Committee of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) in 2012.

We extend our best wishes to the present Chair, the Permanent Representative of Croatia, for carrying forward the work of PBC this year.

We align myself with the statement delivered by the Permanent Representative of Tunisia on behalf of Non Aligned Movement (NAM).

Mr. President,

The last session of the PBC has reinforced the need for coherent, efficient and predictable responses by the UN to peacebuilding needs of the countries emerging from conflict.

The session further underscored following three key concepts of peacebuilding:

    • give priority to targeted areas -- focusing on Security Sector Reform, local capacity-building and economic revitalization;
    • sharpen the emphasis on development aspects of Peacebuilding and;
    • refine the peacekeeping-peacebuilding nexus for a coherent and seamless response by the UN in the aftermath of a conflict.

The last session of the PBC coincided with the release of the Secretary-General’s progress report on “Peacebuilding in the aftermath of Conflict”.

The Secretary-General’s emphasis on inclusiveness, institution-building and sustained international support for peacebuilding conforms to the lessons-learnt from the deliberations in the Organizational Committee of the PBC and its country-specific configurations.

Mr. President,

The unique structure of the PBC provides an ideal platform for various stakeholders to consider and implement UN peace-building endeavors.

There is a need to harness the role of PBC in conceiving and implementing peacebuilding-related mandates and activities.

The Organizational Committee should also undertake meaningful discussions on finding a niche for the PBC in decision-making processes related to UN peacebuilding.

Our ongoing focus on working methods of the PBC is, therefore, particularly encouraging.

This January, under Pakistan’s Presidency, the Security Council adopted resolution 2086, which underscored the centrality of the PBC as an advisory and resource-mobilization body for peace-building.

Pakistan steered Resolution 2086 and had it adopted by the Security Council.

In so doing, we were guided by our experience as a founding member of the PBC and a leading troop-contributor to UN peacekeeping.

The resolution clarified and reinforced the nexus between peacekeeping and peacebuilding. The resolution helps build stronger partnerships for a collective response to challenges of peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

It is a matter of great satisfaction that resolution 2086 was adopted by consensus, sponsored by all Council members, and appreciated by general membership.

Mr. President,

The 2010 Review of the PBC led to the alignment of the strategic framework for countries on the agenda of the PBC with respective national priorities and policies, under complete local ownership.

We express our satisfaction that Country-specific configurations are fine-tuning their roles and undertaking important initiatives in resource-mobilization through international financial institutions and non-UN sources of funding. Success of the UN peacebuilding endeavors hinges on adequate financial resources.

Peace-building Fund (PBF) provides the seed money in a post-conflict situation to attract other sources of funding. PBF is, therefore, an essential component of the UN peacebuilding architecture.

Pakistan has been contributing to the PBF. We agree with the apt characterization of contributions to PBF as “investment in peace”. It is essential to expand the donors’ base of the PBF, to unlock the catalyzing role of this important instrument. Member States and the Secretariat need to provide the PBF with resources and operational flexibility to make it more efficient.

Besides finances, peacebuilding initiatives require adequate human resources. The Secretary General’s initiative on Civilian Capacities is important in identifying expertise to be tailored to specific needs for post-conflict peacebuilding.

The Civcap process should stand up to inter-governmental scrutiny, avoid duplication of roles and must be compliant with UN rules and procedures.

In conclusion, we reiterate our strong commitment and support to UN peacebuilding endeavors. We share the hope that our collective peacebuilding efforts will benefit all conflict-affected people of the world.

I Thank you Mr. President.