We applaud the leadership of President Evo Morales for hosting and chairing this Summit of the Group of 77 and China. We thank the Government and the people of Bolivia for their warm and gracious hospitality. I convey the greetings of our President and Prime Minister to President Morales.
Fifty years ago, the G-77 declared that our “cooperation must serve as a decisive instrument for ending the division of the world into areas of affluence and intolerable poverty”. Fifty years on, that challenge persists.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of our Group. Fifty years ago, the G 77 vowed to uphold the sovereignty and independence of all developing countries, defend collective economic interests of our members by striving for equal standing with developed countries in the global market place and to forge a united front on issues of common interest. We have succeeded in achieving these goals, but not fully.
Times have changed. And our number in the family of the United Nations has increased to 133, which is more than two thirds of its entire membership. This has enhanced our influence within the organization. No decision is taken without the consent of the Group.
This year the Group has played a pivotal role in finalizing a raft of decisions impinging on sustainable development, Post-2015 Development Agenda, financial and administrative matters and peacekeeping.
Since the inception of the Group, the world order has evolved from Cold War to post Cold War to this early part of the 21st century. Many countries from amongst us have achieved phenomenal economic success. And yet the inequities and chronic problems of the past century persist. Abject poverty stalks many parts of our globe. New problems have arisen. Severe climate change patterns threaten the existence some of our members.
Today, the need for the Group’s unity is compelling. We should resolve to discourage projection of the Group through the identities of income, development level or geography. Our common cause and diversity are our strength.
The G77 should try to help its members attain economic independence without which political independence remains incomplete. Despite growing globalization, we need to continue to uphold the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in the internal affairs of states.
We endorse the Summit’s call for the full realization of the right to self determination of peoples living under illegal colonial or other forms of alien domination or foreign occupation which adversely effects their socio-economic development.
The Group of 77’s clarion call for a just, equitable, stable and peaceful international order should be heeded by all.
The world today is still in the grip of international economic crisis. We value global and multilateral initiatives to revive our economies but we also need policy space to formulate development strategies suitable for our nations. We should contribute to the international efforts to address systemic fragilities, reduce poverty, increase social inclusion and create decent livelihoods.
The global conversation led by the UNDP has clearly indicated that the global citizenry wants our multilateral system to tackle inequalities, prioritize decent work and livelihoods, strengthen governance, reduce corruption and stem environmental degradation.
Today, multilateralism is hampered by the stalled WTO and Climate Change negotiations. We must re-energize it to solve global economic problems affecting the South.
The World Food Programme says that 842 million people are undernourished which is one eighth of the global population. Inequality is increasing within and among nations. An Oxfam report says that the world’s 85 wealthiest individuals have the same income as the poorest 3.5 billion. According to another study, 8% of the world population earns half the world income, while the remaining 92% earn the other half.
While we seek to promote sustainable development, we must also promote equity and equality of opportunity because it stimulates economic growth and creates conditions for social stability.
We cannot sweep climate change under the carpet. There are warnings that the impact of climate change would hit the poorest communities in the poorest countries. We should keep global warming below 1.5 degrees centigrade within our planetary boundaries. This is not the time to shelve common but differentiated responsibilities but to put it on the table to find common ground to move ahead.
Fortunately, we are strategically poised to rectify these negative global trends as we craft sustainable development goals, define a Post-2015 development Agenda and explore adequate and sustainable means of implementation.
We should work on goals of elimination of hunger and poverty, food security, water and sanitation, inclusive and quality education, access to health care, sustainable cities and climate change. We should generate quantifiable financial resources through internal revenues, multilateral development banks and private sector to meet these goals.
As we go along, we should develop a common vision and framework for these goals.
In pursuing these goals, we should “leave nobody behind”, as advocated by the UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel for post 2015.
Although we haven’t had a world war in nearly seven decades, our planet is riven by conflicts. Terrorism is devastating many societies. Differences on religion, nationality and ethnicity are pitting individual against individual, community against community, nation against nation. The G77’s noble and inclusive agenda would not be fully realized until our global society works more energetically towards peace, stability and harmony. Economic development cannot take place in turbulent environments. Economic and political diplomacies must move in tandem for a common cause.
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is pursuing an agenda of peace, stability and development for our region. To develop and prosper together, we need a peaceful neighborhood. Simultaneously, Pakistan, under Prime Minister Sharif’s leadership, is working diligently for economic revival, macro- economic stability and human development. In addition to the opportunities being created by the market place, the Government is making direct interventions to reduce poverty, promote education and generate employment. It has initiated a process to overcome structural constraints in producing sustainable energy. Our objective is to create a society based on equity, social justice, well being of the people, promotion of the rule of law and consolidation of democracy.
The theme of the Summit “A new world order for living well” is a message of hope for all people of the world – poor and rich; and for all nations, small and large.
I thank you Mr. Chairman